Aircraft Incident/Accident Report
Billings Airport

Billings, Montana 59107
Sunday, February 6, 1994 18:53 MST

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
AFTER TAKEOFF, THE PILOT RETRACTED THE LANDING GEAR AND NOTED THAT THE MAIN GEAR LIGHTS WENT OUT BUT THE GEAR LIGHT REMAINED ILLUMINATED. THE PILOT CYCLED THE GEAR WITH THE SAME RESULTS. THE PILOT SELECTED THE GEAR DOWN AND RETURNED FOR LANDING WITH A THREE GREEN INDICATION. DURING THE LANDING ROLL, THE NOSE GEAR COLLAPSED. NO EVIDENCE WAS FOUND TO INDICATE A MECHANICAL FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION, HOWEVER THE MECHANIC STATED THAT DUE TO THE EXTREME LOW TEMP CONDITIONS THE NOSE GEAR ACTUATOR MAY HAVE FROZEN AND DID NOT ALLOW THE NOSE GEAR TO COMPLETE A FULL RANGE OF TRAVEL TO THE UP LOCK OR DOWN LOCK.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
THE NOSE GEAR ACTUATOR FROZE. A FACTOR TO THE ACCIDENT WAS TEMPERATURE EXTREMES.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date2/6/1994 
Event Day of the WeekSunday 
Time of Event1853 
Event Time ZoneMountain Standard Time 
Event CityBILLINGS  
Event StateMONTANA 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site59107  
Event Date Year1994 
Event Date Month
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude  
Event Location Longitude  
Event Location AirportBILLINGS  
Event Location Nearest Airport IDBIL  
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOn Airport 
Distance from airport in statute miles-- 
Degrees magnetic from airport-- 
Airport Elevation3649 
Weather Briefing CompletenessUnknown 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation1853 Mountain Standard Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)
Weather Observation Facility IDBIL  
Elevation of weather observation facility3649 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)
Time Zone of the weather observationMST 
Lighting ConditionsNight/Dark 
Lowest Ceiling Height4900 
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height2300 
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsScattered 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingOvercast 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)
Visibility (Statute Miles) 15 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)-21 
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)-18 
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)60 
Variable Wind IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Speed (knots)13 
Wind Velocity Indicator Unknown 
Wind Gust IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Gust (knots)
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 30 
Density Altitude (feet)-- 
Intensity of PrecipitationLight 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryNone 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries
On Ground, Minor Injuries
On Ground, Serious Injuries
Injury Total Fatal-- 
Injury Total Minor-- 
Injury Total None
Injury Total Serious-- 
Injury Total All-- 
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)967 
NTSB Notification Source-- 
NTSB Notification DateFeb 6 1994 12:00AM 
NTSB Notification Time1810 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket informationIMAGE 
Date of most recent change to recordDec 6 2000 10:42AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Basic weather conditionsVisual Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN2718Y 
NTSB NumberSEA94LA058  
Missing Aircraft Indicator
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 135: Air Taxi & Commuter 
Type of Flight Plan filedIFR 
Flight plan Was Activated?-- 
DamageSubstantial 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NameCESSNA  
Aircraft Model402C  
Aircraft Series Identifier402C  
Aircraft Serial Number402C0232  
Certified Max Gross Weight6850 
Aircraft CategoryAirplane 
Aircraft Registration ClassU.S. Registered/U.S. Soil 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft10 
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearRetractable 
Aircraft, Type of Last InspectionContinuous Airworthiness 
Date of Last InspectionJan 4 1994 12:00AM 
Airframe hours since last inspection24 
Airframe Hours20316 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedNo 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteUnknown 
ELT Type-- 
Aircraft Owner NameBSE AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT CORP  
Aircraft Owner Street AddressP.O. BOX 2244  
Aircraft Owner CityBILLINGS  
Aircraft Owner StateMT 
Aircraft Owner Country  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode59103  
Operator is an individual?-- 
Operator NameBIG SKY TRANSPORTATION  
Operator Same as Owner?No 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?No 
Operator Street AddressP.O. BOX 31397  
Operator CityBILLINGS  
Operator StateMT 
Operator Country  
Operator Zip code59107  
Operator CodeBSAA 
Owner has at least one certificateYes - certificate holder 
Other Operator of large aircraft?No 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 OperationUnknown 
Operator Certificate Number-- 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or notScheduled 
Indicates Domestic or International FlightDomestic 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/MailPassenger Only 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)Unknown 
Second Pilot on BoardYes 
Departure Point Same as EventYes 
Departure Airport Code  
Departure City  
Departure State  
Departure Country  
Departure Time1835 
Departure Time ZoneMST 
Destination Same as Local Flt-- 
Destination Airport CodeMLS  
Destination CityMILES CITY  
Destination StateMT 
Destination Country  
Specific Phase of FlightLanding 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordJan 2 2001 10:30AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and Location10L 
Runway Length10528 
Runway Width150 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--