Aircraft Incident/Accident Report


Fairhope, Alabama 36532
Monday, July 15, 1996 18:15 CDT

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
The passenger stated the pilot descended the aircraft toward the water, then entered a steep climb. The passenger then noticed the aircraft was descending in a near vertical descent toward the water, where it crashed. Witnesses observed the aircraft descending toward the water, then pull up into a steep climb. After reaching about 200 feet, the right wing and nose dropped, and the aircraft descended nose first until impact with the water. Other witnesses had observed the aircraft in wing-over maneuvers at a low altitude over the water on the day before. Friends of the passenger, who flew with the pilot the day before, stated he had been performing wing-over maneuvers close to the water. At the time of the accident, the aircraft was estimated to be 97 pounds over the maximum allowable gross weight. Postcrash examination of the aircraft showed no evidence pre-crash failure or malfunction of the aircraft structure, floats, flight controls, or engine.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
failure of the pilot to maintain adequate airspeed, while manuevering at low altitude, which resulted in an inadvertent stall and uncontrolled impact with the water. The pilot's ostentatious display and the lack of altitude to recover from a stall were related factors.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date7/15/1996 
Event Day of the WeekMonday 
Time of Event1815 
Event Time ZoneCentral Daylight Time 
Event CityFAIRHOPE  
Event StateALABAMA 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site36532  
Event Date Year1996 
Event Date Month
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude  
Event Location Longitude  
Event Location Airport  
Event Location Nearest Airport ID  
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOff Airport/Airstrip 
Distance from airport in statute miles-- 
Degrees magnetic from airport-- 
Airport Elevation-- 
Weather Briefing CompletenessUnknown 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation1747 Central Daylight Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)310 
Weather Observation Facility IDBFM  
Elevation of weather observation facility26 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)18 
Time Zone of the weather observationCDT 
Lighting ConditionsDay 
Lowest Ceiling Height25000 
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height2000 
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsScattered 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingBroken 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)
Visibility (Statute Miles) 15 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)29 
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)23 
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)170 
Variable Wind IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Speed (knots)
Wind Velocity Indicator Unknown 
Wind Gust IndicatorNot Gusting 
Wind Gust (knots)
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 30 
Density Altitude (feet)1500 
Intensity of PrecipitationUnknown 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryFatal 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries
On Ground, Minor Injuries
On Ground, Serious Injuries
Injury Total Fatal
Injury Total Minor-- 
Injury Total None-- 
Injury Total Serious
Injury Total All
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)1462 
NTSB Notification Source-- 
NTSB Notification DateJul 15 1996 12:00AM 
NTSB Notification Time2030 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket informationIMAGE 
Date of most recent change to recordDec 8 2000 10:13AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Basic weather conditionsVisual Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN9908Y 
NTSB NumberMIA96FA185  
Missing Aircraft Indicator
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 91: General Aviation 
Type of Flight Plan filedNone 
Flight plan Was Activated?-- 
DamageSubstantial 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NameChampion  
Aircraft ModelAERONCA 7GCB  
Aircraft Series IdentifierAERONCA 7G 
Aircraft Serial Number122  
Certified Max Gross Weight1732 
Aircraft CategoryAirplane 
Aircraft Registration ClassU.S. Registered/U.S. Soil 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearFixed 
Aircraft, Type of Last InspectionAnnual 
Date of Last InspectionMay 23 1996 12:00AM 
Airframe hours since last inspection39 
Airframe Hours4391 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedNo 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteUnknown 
ELT Type-- 
Aircraft Owner NameOWEN E. DUKE III  
Aircraft Owner Street AddressP.O. BOX 87  
Aircraft Owner CityANNAPOLIS  
Aircraft Owner StateMD 
Aircraft Owner Country  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode21404  
Operator is an individual?-- 
Operator Name  
Operator Same as Owner?Yes 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?Yes 
Operator Street Address  
Operator City  
Operator State  
Operator Country  
Operator Zip code  
Operator Code  
Owner has at least one certificateNone 
Other Operator of large aircraft?No 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 OperationUnknown 
Operator Certificate Number-- 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or not-- 
Indicates Domestic or International Flight-- 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/Mail-- 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)Personal 
Second Pilot on BoardUnknown 
Departure Point Same as EventYes 
Departure Airport Code  
Departure City  
Departure State  
Departure Country  
Departure Time1813 
Departure Time ZoneCDT 
Destination Same as Local Fltdest & departure same, accident can occur anywhere 
Destination Airport Code  
Destination City  
Destination State  
Destination Country  
Specific Phase of FlightManeuvering 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordDec 8 2000 10:13AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and Location0  
Runway Length-- 
Runway Width-- 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--