Aircraft Incident/Accident Report
Montrose Regional Airport

Montrose, Colorado 81401
Wednesday, October 8, 1997 7:23 MDT

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
The airplane departed under visual flight rules (VFR) for a flight over mountainous terrain. It was tracked by radar from the departure area to the accident site. While climbing at the normal rate of climb to 15,400 feet, the airplane abruptly disappeared from radar. The wreckage was located among pine trees and exhibited evidence of a steep flightpath angle and damage consistent with a stall/spin event. Investigation revealed no indication of airframe or flight control anomalies, and the powerplant and propeller damage was consistent with engine operation at moderate to high power. Evidence indicated that the airplane was free of airframe ice at impact. Postaccident calculations indicate that the airplane was near the maximum certificated gross weight and aft center of gravity limit. The pilot did not maintain instrument flying currency and reportedly avoided instrument meteorological conditions (IMC). Evidence indicated that the pilot did not use oxygen, as required (when flying above 12,000 feet). Ground observations and satellite and Doppler radar imagery indicated widespread cloudiness over the mountains west of Montrose on the day of the accident. Satellite data showed variable cloud tops higher than the airplane's flight altitude in the vicinity of the accident. The radar plot of the aircraft during the climb above 10,000 feet indicated course changes from the southwest to the northwest, back to the southwest and then a sharp turn to the right just prior to the rapid descent.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
the pilot's failure to maintain sufficient airspeed for undetermined reasons while maneuvering the airplane near the maximum gross weight and aft cg in or near instrument meteorological conditions, resulting in the loss of control and entry into a stall/spin. Factors contributing to the accident were the pilot's improper in-flight planning and decision-making and his failure to use proper stall/spin recovery techniques.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date10/8/1997 
Event Day of the WeekWednesday 
Time of Event723 
Event Time ZoneMountain Daylight Time 
Event CityMONTROSE  
Event StateCOLORADO 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site81401  
Event Date Year1997 
Event Date Month10 
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude-- 
Event Location Longitude-- 
Event Location AirportMONTROSE REGIONAL  
Event Location Nearest Airport IDKMTJ 
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOff Airport/Airstrip 
Distance from airport in statute miles18 
Degrees magnetic from airport221 
Airport Elevation5759 
Weather Briefing CompletenessUnknown 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation653 Mountain Standard Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)45 
Weather Observation Facility IDMTJ  
Elevation of weather observation facility5750 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)18 
Time Zone of the weather observationMST 
Lighting ConditionsDay 
Lowest Ceiling Height9500 
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height-- 
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsUnknown 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingOvercast 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)-- 
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)-- 
Visibility (Statute Miles) 10 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)190 
Variable Wind IndicatorWind direction could be determined 
Wind Speed (knots)
Wind Velocity Indicator -- 
Wind Gust IndicatorNot Gusting 
Wind Gust (knots) -- 
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 29 
Density Altitude (feet)-- 
Intensity of Precipitation-- 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryFatal 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries
On Ground, Minor Injuries
On Ground, Serious Injuries
Injury Total Fatal
Injury Total Minor-- 
Injury Total None-- 
Injury Total Serious-- 
Injury Total All
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)1846 
NTSB Notification Source-- 
NTSB Notification DateOct 8 1997 12:00AM 
NTSB Notification Time1230 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket informationIMAGE 
Date of most recent change to recordApr 30 2002 9:59AM 
User who most recently changed recordNTSB\HAMG  
Basic weather conditionsInstrument Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN12022 
NTSB NumberDCA98MA002  
Missing Aircraft Indicator
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 135: Air Taxi & Commuter 
Type of Flight Plan filedCompany VFR 
Flight plan Was Activated?No 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NameCessna  
Aircraft Model208B  
Aircraft Series Identifier208B  
Aircraft Serial Number208B0432  
Certified Max Gross Weight8750 
Aircraft CategoryAirplane 
Aircraft Registration ClassUnknown 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearFixed 
Aircraft, Type of Last InspectionContinuous Airworthiness 
Date of Last InspectionSep 23 1997 12:00AM 
Airframe hours since last inspection28 
Airframe Hours2599 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedNo 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteNo 
ELT Type-- 
Aircraft Owner NameSCENIC AIRLINES, INC. 
Aircraft Owner Street Address2705 AIRPORT DRIVE 
Aircraft Owner CityNO. LAS VEGAS 
Aircraft Owner StateNV 
Aircraft Owner CountryUSA  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode89030 
Operator is an individual?No 
Operator Same as Owner?No 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?No 
Operator Street Address-- 
Operator City-- 
Operator State-- 
Operator CountryUSA  
Operator Zip code-- 
Operator CodeOEZA 
Owner has at least one certificateYes - certificate holder 
Other Operator of large aircraft?-- 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 Operation-- 
Operator Certificate NumberOEZA013W 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or notNon-scheduled 
Indicates Domestic or International FlightDomestic 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/Mail-- 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)-- 
Second Pilot on BoardNo 
Departure Point Same as EventYes 
Departure Airport CodeKMTJ 
Departure CityMONTROSE  
Departure StateCO 
Departure CountryUSA 
Departure Time705 
Departure Time ZoneMDT 
Destination Same as Local Flt-- 
Destination Airport CodeKPGA 
Destination CityPAGE  
Destination StateAZ 
Destination CountryUSA 
Specific Phase of FlightClimb 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordDec 20 2013 7:33AM 
User who most recently changed recordhopj 
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and Location17  
Runway Length10000 
Runway Width150 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--