Aircraft Incident/Accident Report
Acadiana Regional Airport

New Iberia, Louisiana 70560
Thursday, October 2, 1997 14:40 CDT

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
The flight instructor (CFI) was demonstrating an autorotation with a 180 degree turn to a soft sod area. The CFI reported that the helicopter touched down with only slight forward speed in a slightly nose low attitude. Following touchdown, the skids dug into the soft ground, and the helicopter began pitching forward. The CFI applied 'slight downward collective.' Subsequently, the helicopter nosed over, the main rotor blades contacted the ground, and the helicopter came to rest on its left side. The commercial pilot, who was receiving instruction, reported that the helicopter touched down smoothly in a level attitude 'carrying 5 to 10 knots forward speed.' An FAA inspector recommended that local helicopter operators discontinue using the sod area for running landings and autorotations until the ground is considered hard enough for practice running landings. The CFI stated that at the time of the accident, the wind was variable, but generally aligned with the direction of landing.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
improper touchdown by the flight instructor. A related factor was: soft sod in the touchdown/landing area.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date10/2/1997 
Event Day of the WeekThursday 
Time of Event1440 
Event Time ZoneCentral Daylight Time 
Event CityNEW IBERIA  
Event StateLOUISIANA 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site70560  
Event Date Year1997 
Event Date Month10 
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude  
Event Location Longitude  
Event Location AirportACADIANA REGIONAL  
Event Location Nearest Airport IDARA  
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOn Airport 
Distance from airport in statute miles-- 
Degrees magnetic from airport-- 
Airport Elevation24 
Weather Briefing CompletenessUnknown 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation1455 Central Daylight Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)
Weather Observation Facility IDACA  
Elevation of weather observation facility24 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)
Time Zone of the weather observationCDT 
Lighting ConditionsDay 
Lowest Ceiling Height
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsClear 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingNone 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)
Visibility (Statute Miles) 10 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)28 
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)-- 
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)40 
Variable Wind IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Speed (knots)10 
Wind Velocity Indicator Unknown 
Wind Gust IndicatorNot Gusting 
Wind Gust (knots)
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 30 
Density Altitude (feet)1499 
Intensity of PrecipitationUnknown 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryMinor 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries
On Ground, Minor Injuries
On Ground, Serious Injuries
Injury Total Fatal-- 
Injury Total Minor
Injury Total None-- 
Injury Total Serious-- 
Injury Total All
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)1367 
NTSB Notification Source-- 
NTSB Notification DateOct 2 1997 12:00AM 
NTSB Notification Time1525 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket informationIMAGE 
Date of most recent change to recordDec 8 2000 12:37PM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Basic weather conditionsVisual Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN2163Y 
NTSB NumberFTW98LA002  
Missing Aircraft Indicator
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 91: General Aviation 
Type of Flight Plan filedCompany VFR 
Flight plan Was Activated?-- 
DamageSubstantial 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NameBell  
Aircraft Model206B  
Aircraft Series Identifier206B  
Aircraft Serial Number3496  
Certified Max Gross Weight3200 
Aircraft CategoryHelicopter 
Aircraft Registration ClassU.S. Registered/U.S. Soil 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearFixed 
Aircraft, Type of Last Inspection100 Hour 
Date of Last InspectionSep 6 1997 12:00AM 
Airframe hours since last inspection-- 
Airframe Hours5019 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedNo 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteUnknown 
ELT Type-- 
Aircraft Owner NameFLIGHT SAFETY INTERNATIONAL  
Aircraft Owner Street Address215 TOWER DRIVE  
Aircraft Owner CityLAFAYETTE  
Aircraft Owner StateLA 
Aircraft Owner Country  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode70508  
Operator is an individual?-- 
Operator NamePETROLEUM HELICOPTER INC.  
Operator Same as Owner?No 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?No 
Operator Street Address113 BORMAN DRIVE  
Operator CityLAFAYETTE  
Operator StateLA 
Operator Country  
Operator Zip code70508  
Operator CodeHEEA 
Owner has at least one certificateYes - certificate holder 
Other Operator of large aircraft?No 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 OperationUnknown 
Operator Certificate Number-- 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or not-- 
Indicates Domestic or International Flight-- 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/Mail-- 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)Instructional 
Second Pilot on BoardNo 
Departure Point Same as EventYes 
Departure Airport CodeARA  
Departure City  
Departure State  
Departure Country  
Departure Time
Departure Time Zone  
Destination Same as Local Fltdest & departure same, accident can occur anywhere 
Destination Airport Code  
Destination City  
Destination State  
Destination Country  
Specific Phase of FlightLanding 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordJan 2 2001 10:34AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and Location0  
Runway Length-- 
Runway Width-- 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--