Aircraft Incident/Accident Report
Big Bear City Airport

Big Bear City, California 92314
Sunday, February 27, 2000 11:45 PST

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
Approaching runway 26, the pilot was advised by airport personnel on the common traffic advisory frequency (CTAF) that the automated weather observing system (AWOS) indicated the wind was 13 knots with gusts to 28 knots. Also, its direction was variable from 170 to 230 degrees. The pilot reported that he slowed the airplane's approach speed to 90 knots and extended the flaps to the normal midrange position. About 30 feet above the runway he encountered a wind gust and lost control of the airplane. It impacted the runway, yawed sideways, and came to a stop with a collapsed landing gear and bent fuselage. The airplane's manufacturer suggests in its "Pilot's Operating Manual," that in crosswind or high-wind conditions, a higher than normal (90 knot) approach speed be used and the pilot should consider using no flaps.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
The pilot's selection of a final approach airspeed in variance with the manufacturer's recommendations, which was too slow for the gusty and variable crosswind conditions, which resulted in a stall/mush and a hard landing.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date2/27/2000 
Event Day of the WeekSunday 
Time of Event1145 
Event Time ZonePacific Standard Time 
Event CityBIG BEAR CITY  
Event StateCALIFORNIA 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site92314  
Event Date Year2000 
Event Date Month
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude-- 
Event Location Longitude-- 
Event Location AirportBIG BEAR CITY  
Event Location Nearest Airport IDL35  
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOn Airport 
Distance from airport in statute miles
Degrees magnetic from airport-- 
Airport Elevation6748 
Weather Briefing CompletenessFull 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation1200 Pacific Standard Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)
Weather Observation Facility IDL35  
Elevation of weather observation facility6748 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)
Time Zone of the weather observationPST 
Lighting ConditionsDay 
Lowest Ceiling Height
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsClear 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingNone 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)
Visibility (Statute Miles) 10 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)44 
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)28 
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)230 
Variable Wind IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Speed (knots)13 
Wind Velocity Indicator Unknown 
Wind Gust IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Gust (knots) 28 
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 29 
Density Altitude (feet)-- 
Intensity of PrecipitationUnknown 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryMinor 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries
On Ground, Minor Injuries
On Ground, Serious Injuries
Injury Total Fatal-- 
Injury Total Minor
Injury Total None
Injury Total Serious-- 
Injury Total All
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)10620 
NTSB Notification Source-- 
NTSB Notification DateFeb 27 2000 12:00AM 
NTSB Notification Time1235 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket informationIMAGE 
Date of most recent change to recordOct 2 2001 8:45AM 
User who most recently changed recordNTSB\MONR  
Basic weather conditionsVisual Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN15202 
NTSB NumberLAX00LA110  
Missing Aircraft Indicator
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 91: General Aviation 
Type of Flight Plan filedIFR 
Flight plan Was Activated?-- 
DamageSubstantial 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NamePiper  
Aircraft ModelPA-34-200  
Aircraft Series IdentifierPA-34-200  
Aircraft Serial Number34-7350034  
Certified Max Gross Weight4200 
Aircraft CategoryAirplane 
Aircraft Registration ClassU.S. Registered/U.S. Soil 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearRetractable 
Aircraft, Type of Last InspectionAnnual 
Date of Last InspectionNov 15 1999 12:00AM 
Airframe hours since last inspection98 
Airframe Hours6608 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedNo 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteUnknown 
ELT Type-- 
Aircraft Owner NameEXOTIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS  
Aircraft Owner Street Address3215 VISTA PACIFICA  
Aircraft Owner CityVISTA  
Aircraft Owner StateCA 
Aircraft Owner Country  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode92084  
Operator is an individual?-- 
Operator NameKENNETH K. GHEYSAR  
Operator Same as Owner?No 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?Yes 
Operator Street Address  
Operator City  
Operator State  
Operator Country  
Operator Zip code  
Operator Code  
Owner has at least one certificateNone 
Other Operator of large aircraft?No 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 OperationUnknown 
Operator Certificate Number-- 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or not-- 
Indicates Domestic or International Flight-- 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/Mail-- 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)Personal 
Second Pilot on BoardNo 
Departure Point Same as EventNo 
Departure Airport CodeCRQ  
Departure CityCARLSBAD  
Departure StateCA 
Departure Country  
Departure Time1045 
Departure Time ZonePST 
Destination Same as Local Fltcrash at destination city 
Destination Airport CodeL35  
Destination City  
Destination State  
Destination Country  
Specific Phase of FlightLanding 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordSep 12 2001 4:01AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and Location26  
Runway Length5850 
Runway Width75 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--