Aircraft Incident/Accident Report
Fairbanks International Airport

Fairbanks, Alaska 99709
Monday, March 27, 2000 10:23 AST

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
The commercial certificated pilot obtained a Special VFR clearance and departed on the first portion of a cargo flight. The visibility at the airport was 2 1/2 miles in light snow. After departure, the pilot said the sky condition worsened, becoming more obscured and indefinite. He decided to return to the airport and obtained a Special VFR clearance back to the airport. He was cleared to land on a runway which does not have a visual approach slope indicator (VASI). During the landing approach, the pilot said he could see the approach end of the runway, but the lighting conditions were very flat. The airplane collided with snow-covered terrain, about 25 yards short of the approach end of the runway. The landing gear was sheared off, and the airplane received damage to the engine cowling, belly structure, and wing spars.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
The pilot's misjudgment of distance/altitude, and subsequent undershoot during landing. Factors in the accident were light snow precipitation, flat light conditions, snow-covered terrain, and the absence of a visual approach slope indicator.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date3/27/2000 
Event Day of the WeekMonday 
Time of Event1023 
Event Time ZoneAtlantic Standard Time 
Event StateALASKA 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site99709  
Event Date Year2000 
Event Date Month
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude-- 
Event Location Longitude-- 
Event Location Nearest Airport IDPAFA 
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOn Airport 
Distance from airport in statute miles-- 
Degrees magnetic from airport-- 
Airport Elevation434 
Weather Briefing CompletenessFull 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation1034 Atlantic Standard Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)
Weather Observation Facility IDPAF  
Elevation of weather observation facility434 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)
Time Zone of the weather observationAST 
Lighting ConditionsDay 
Lowest Ceiling Height3500 
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsUnknown 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingOvercast 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)
Visibility (Statute Miles) 2.5 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)-13 
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)-14 
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)214 
Variable Wind IndicatorUnknown 
Wind Speed (knots)
Wind Velocity Indicator Unknown 
Wind Gust IndicatorNot Gusting 
Wind Gust (knots)
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 29 
Density Altitude (feet)-- 
Intensity of PrecipitationLight 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryNone 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries
On Ground, Minor Injuries
On Ground, Serious Injuries
Injury Total Fatal-- 
Injury Total Minor-- 
Injury Total None
Injury Total Serious-- 
Injury Total All-- 
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)735 
NTSB Notification Source-- 
NTSB Notification DateMar 27 2000 12:00AM 
NTSB Notification Time1254 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket informationIMAGE 
Date of most recent change to recordMay 11 2001 4:04AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Basic weather conditionsInstrument Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN8540F 
NTSB NumberANC00LA038  
Missing Aircraft Indicator
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 135: Air Taxi & Commuter 
Type of Flight Plan filedVFR 
Flight plan Was Activated?-- 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NamePiper  
Aircraft ModelPA-32R  
Aircraft Series IdentifierPA-32R  
Aircraft Serial Number32R-7780108  
Certified Max Gross Weight3600 
Aircraft CategoryAirplane 
Aircraft Registration ClassU.S. Registered/U.S. Soil 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearFixed 
Aircraft, Type of Last InspectionAAIP 
Date of Last Inspection-- 
Airframe hours since last inspection-- 
Airframe Hours-- 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedYes 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteNo 
ELT Type-- 
Aircraft Owner NameSERVANT AIR INC.  
Aircraft Owner Street AddressP.O. BOX 61186  
Aircraft Owner CityFAIRBANKS  
Aircraft Owner StateAK 
Aircraft Owner Country  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode99706  
Operator is an individual?-- 
Operator Name  
Operator Same as Owner?Yes 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?Yes 
Operator Street Address  
Operator City  
Operator State  
Operator Country  
Operator Zip code  
Operator CodeS4EA 
Owner has at least one certificateYes - certificate holder 
Other Operator of large aircraft?No 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 OperationUnknown 
Operator Certificate Number-- 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or notScheduled 
Indicates Domestic or International FlightDomestic 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/MailPassenger/Cargo 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)Unknown 
Second Pilot on BoardNo 
Departure Point Same as EventYes 
Departure Airport CodePAFA 
Departure City  
Departure State  
Departure Country  
Departure Time1008 
Departure Time ZoneAST 
Destination Same as Local Flt-- 
Destination Airport CodeWBQ  
Destination CityBEAVER  
Destination StateAK 
Destination Country  
Specific Phase of Flight-- 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordMay 11 2001 4:04AM 
User who most recently changed recorddbo  
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and Location19L 
Runway Length3190 
Runway Width60 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--