Aircraft Incident/Accident Report
Portland International Airport

Portland, Oregon 97218
Sunday, October 10, 2010 18:55 PDT

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NTSB Narrative Summary Released at Completion of Accident
Prior to flight, the pilot looked inside the fuel tanks and noted that they appeared to be full; however, he did not recall how far down the fuel was from the fuel cap. The pilot departed from the airport and flew northwest 19 minutes to an airport to conduct a stop and go landing and takeoff. After departing that airport, he proceeded south for 2 hours 17 minutes to a second airport to do a full-stop landing. When he departed the second airport toward his final destination, the pilot estimated he had about 13 gallons of fuel remaining for the 48-minute flight. About 7 miles south of his final destination, the engine lost power. The pilot attempted to restart the engine and was successful for a short time before the engine lost power again. The pilot executed a forced landing into a nearby school yard. The total distance for the flight was about 391 miles with an estimated 3 hour 24-minute run time for the engine, without factoring in the wind, delays, and time spent on the ground. Postaccident examination of the airframe and engine revealed no fuel in the right wing tank, approximately 1 gallon in the left wing tank, and about 1 ounce of fuel in the fuel line leading to the engine. There were no breaches in the fuel system. The Pilot Operating Handbook for the airplane stated that the airplaneā€™s unusable fuel level was 1.5 gallons. Additionally, given the performance parameters of the accident flight, the airplane's engine would have burned approximately 7.5 gallons per hour and had a maximum range of 485 miles and 4.1 hours.
NTSB Probable Cause Narrative
The pilot's inadequate preflight inspection and failure to ensure adequate fuel was onboard for the flight, which resulted in a total loss of engine power due to fuel exhaustion.
Event Information
Type of EventAccident 
Event Date10/10/2010 
Event Day of the WeekSunday 
Time of Event1855 
Event Time ZonePacific Daylight Time 
Event CityPortland 
Event StateOREGON 
Event Country-- 
Zipcode of the event site97218 
Event Date Year2010 
Event Date Month10 
MidAir Collision IndicatorNo 
On Ground Collision occurred ?No 
Event Location Latitude453100N 
Event Location Longitude1224500W 
Event Location AirportPortland International Airport 
Event Location Nearest Airport IDPDX 
Indicates whether the acc/inc occurred off or on an airportOff Airport/Airstrip 
Distance from airport in statute miles
Degrees magnetic from airport-- 
Airport Elevation31 
Weather Briefing Completeness-- 
Investigator's weather sourceWeather Observation Facility 
Time of the weather observation1853 Pacific Daylight Time 
Direction of event from weather observation facility (degrees)60 
Weather Observation Facility IDPDX 
Elevation of weather observation facility31 
Distance of event from weather observation facility (units?)
Time Zone of the weather observationPDT 
Lighting ConditionsNight 
Lowest Ceiling Height-- 
Lowest Non-Ceiling Height2500 
Sky/Lowest/Cloud ConditionsFew 
Sky Condition for Lowest CeilingNone 
Visibility Runway Visual Range (Feet)-- 
Visibility Runway Visual Value (Statute Miles)-- 
Visibility (Statute Miles) 10 
Air Temperature at event time (in degrees celsius)14 
Dew Point at event time (in degress fahrenheit)10 
Wind Direction (degrees magnetic)280 
Variable Wind IndicatorWind direction could be determined 
Wind Speed (knots)
Wind Velocity Indicator -- 
Wind Gust IndicatorNot Gusting 
Wind Gust (knots) -- 
Altimeter Setting at event time (in. Hg) 30.3 
Density Altitude (feet)-- 
Intensity of Precipitation-- 
METAR weather report -- 
Event Highest InjuryNone 
On Ground, Fatal Injuries-- 
On Ground, Minor Injuries-- 
On Ground, Serious Injuries-- 
Injury Total Fatal-- 
Injury Total Minor-- 
Injury Total None
Injury Total Serious-- 
Injury Total All-- 
Investigating AgencyNTSB 
NTSB Docket Number (internal use)28046 
NTSB Notification SourceFAA AMN Operations Center  
NTSB Notification Date-- 
NTSB Notification Time-- 
Fiche Number and/or location -used to find docket information-- 
Date of most recent change to recordFeb 23 2011 12:58PM 
User who most recently changed recordcoos 
Basic weather conditionsVisual Meteorological Cond 
FAA District Office-- 
Aircraft Involved
Aircraft #1
Aircraft Registration NumberN738GN 
NTSB NumberWPR11LA012 
Missing Aircraft Indicator-- 
Federal Aviation Reg. PartPart 91: General Aviation 
Type of Flight Plan filedIFR 
Flight plan Was Activated?Yes 
DamageSubstantial 
Aircraft FireNone 
Aircraft ExplosionNone 
Aircraft Manufacturer's Full NameCESSNA 
Aircraft Model172 
Aircraft Series Identifier
Aircraft Serial Number17269967 
Certified Max Gross Weight2300 
Aircraft CategoryAirplane 
Aircraft Registration Class-- 
Aircraft is a homebuilt?No 
Flight Crew Seats-- 
Cabin Crew Seats-- 
Passenger Seats-- 
Total number of seats on the aircraft
Number of Engines
Fixed gear or retractable gearFixed 
Aircraft, Type of Last InspectionAnnual 
Date of Last InspectionAug 8 2010 12:00AM 
Airframe hours since last inspection77 
Airframe Hours10536 
ELT InstalledYes 
ELT ActivatedYes 
ELT Aided Location of Event SiteNo 
ELT TypeUnknown 
Aircraft Owner NameKandace Harvey 
Aircraft Owner Street Address-- 
Aircraft Owner CitySnohomish 
Aircraft Owner StateWA 
Aircraft Owner CountryUSA  
Aircraft Owner Zipcode98296 
Operator is an individual?No 
Operator NameSnohomish Flying Services 
Operator Same as Owner?No 
Operator Is Doing Business As-- 
Operator Address Same as Owner?No 
Operator Street Address-- 
Operator CitySnohomish 
Operator StateWA 
Operator CountryUSA  
Operator Zip code98296 
Operator Code-- 
Owner has at least one certificateYes - certificate holder 
Other Operator of large aircraft?No 
Certified for Part 133 or 137 OperationExternal Load 
Operator Certificate Number-- 
Indicates whether an air carrier operation was scheduled or not-- 
Indicates Domestic or International Flight-- 
Operator carrying Pax/Cargo/Mail-- 
Type of Flying (Per_Bus / Primary)Personal 
Second Pilot on BoardNo 
Departure Point Same as EventNo 
Departure Airport CodeEUG  
Departure CityEugene 
Departure StateOR 
Departure CountryUSA 
Departure Time1800 
Departure Time ZonePDT 
Destination Same as Local Fltcrash at destination city 
Destination Airport CodePDX  
Destination CityPortland 
Destination StateOR 
Destination CountryUSA 
Specific Phase of Flight-- 
Report sent to ICAO?-- 
Evacuation occurred-- 
Date of most recent change to recordFeb 23 2011 12:58PM 
User who most recently changed recordcoos 
Since inspection or accident-- 
Event Location Runway Number and LocationN/A 
Runway Length-- 
Runway Width-- 
Sight Seeing flightNo 
Air Medical FlightNo 
Medical Flight--